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Your Legal Disability Rights

Know your rights under federal law. Read about the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which protects people’s rights regarding employment, public accommodations, state and local government services, and more. Learn about special accommodations for travelers and voters. Know how to fight job discrimination.

protects the rights of people with disabilities. It guarantees equal opportunity in:

  • Public accommodations

  • Jobs

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Transportation

  • Government services

  • Telecommunications

The Department of Justice answers questions about ADA requirements. It's available to businesses, state and local governments, and the public. Call 1- 800-514-0301 (TTY: 1-800-514-0383).

Find More ADA Resources From the Government

Xổ số miền bắc 2The ADA website has information on:

The website provides:

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2 for telecommunications, public transportation, and recreational facilities

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2A for buildings

requires federal agencies to make electronic and information technology accessible.

  • View information on .

  • For questions, .

When to File a Complaint

Xổ số miền bắc 2According to , hotels, restaurants, and certain places of entertainment must provide disability access. 

If you feel that you've been the object of Title III discrimination, you can file an.

Traveling with a Disability

People with disabilities have legal protection from discrimination while traveling. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) gives guidelines for accessibility and special accommodations. Learn more about the ADA and how to file a complaint.

Air Travel with a Disability

  • The Transportation Safety Administration (TSA) screens all air travelers leaving from U.S. airports.

    • Learn how TSA .

    • Xổ số miền bắc 2 for help or to make a complaint.

    • Request TSA help with screening if you're a .

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2The Air Carrier Access Act prohibits discrimination against passengers with disabilities. 

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2The Department of Transportation (DOT) enforces your rights in airports and on planes. It has guidelines for:

Train Travel with a Disability

  • Travelers with disabilities can receive .

  • The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) oversees . You can file a complaint if you've faced .  

Bus and Local Transit Travel with a Disability

  • Learn about your.  

  • If you can't travel by regular public transit, you may qualify for paratransit. Paratransit is special transportation from your local transit agency.

Other Travel with a Disability

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2If you’re planning a cruise, make your special accommodation needs known. Find tips in .

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2 Check the country you plan to visit before booking your trip.

Voter Accessibility Laws

Voter accessibility laws ensure that people with disabilities or language barriers are able to vote.

If you know you’ll need accommodations on Election Day, contact your state or local election officeXổ số miền bắc 2 to find out what to expect at your polling place. 

Please note: Many voters with disabilities rely on in-person voting at accessible polling places. Voters with language barriers often depend on the help of interpreters at the polls. 

Changes to polling places are possible due to the coronavirus. These may include different locations, layouts, procedures, and availability of translators.

If you need to vote in person, check your polling place before Election Day. Find out about early voting options. And check with to learn:

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2If your needs will be met at your polling station

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Other ways you may be able to vote

Laws and Accommodations That Help Voters With Disabilities

Several federal laws protect the voting rights of Americans with disabilities. These include the and the .

Xổ số miền bắc 2Voters with disabilities have the right to:

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Vote in private, without help

  • Have an accessible polling place with voting machines for voters with disabilities

Xổ số miền bắc 2Polling places must have:

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Wheelchair-accessible voting booths

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Entrances and doorways at least 32 inches wide

  • Handrails on all stairs

  • Voting equipment for people who are blind or visually impaired

If you have a disability, you may:

  • Seek help from poll workers trained to use an accessible voting machine, or

  • Bring someone to help you vote

You can also ask your election office what other options you have.

  • Some states offer “curbside voting," when a poll worker brings everything you need to vote to your car.

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Some set up polling places at long-term care facilities.

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Local organizations may provide transportation to the polls.

  • Many states let people with disabilities vote by mail.

Accommodations That Help Voters Who Need Language Assistance

The helps people overcome language barriers to voting.

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2The downloadable is available in 11 languages. Find tips on everything from registering to vote to casting a ballot on Election Day.

  • The is available in 15 languages. You can use it in most states to register and to update your voter registration information.

Xổ số miền bắc 2Federal law also lets you bring someone to help you if you can't read or write.

enforces . These laws protect employees and job applicants against:

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Discrimination, harassment, and unfair treatment in the workplace by anyone because of:

    • Race

    • Color

    • Religion

    • Xổ số miền bắc 2Sex (including gender identity, transgender status, and sexual orientation)

    • Pregnancy

    • National origin

    • Age (40 or older)

    • Disability

    • Genetic information

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Being denied reasonable workplace accommodations for disability or religious beliefs

  • Retaliation because they:

    • Complained about job discrimination

    • Helped with an investigation or lawsuit

Filing a Complaint with State or Local Government or Tribal Employment Rights Office

Xổ số miền bắc 2To file a complaint, contact your .

Xổ số miền bắc 2Many state and local governments have their own anti-discrimination laws. These laws may offer extra protections beyond federal laws.

Xổ số miền bắc 2Some state laws:

  • Apply to businesses with only five or six employees

  • Prohibit discrimination based on whether you're married or have children

  • Have different deadlines for filing a charge

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Have different standards for deciding whether you’re covered by them

Xổ số miền bắc 2Many state laws have more protections for nursing mothers than federal law requires. enforce these laws.

Filing a Lawsuit

If you're a victim of job discrimination or harassment, you can . If the discrimination violates federal law, you must first file a charge with the EEOC. (This doesn't apply to cases of unequal pay between men and women.)

You may decide to sue if the EEOC can’t help you. In either case, look for an attorney who specializes in employment law. You can check with:

Not All Employers Are Subject to EEOC Laws

This number varies based on the type of employer and the kind of discrimination alleged.

  • Businesses, state, and local governments must follow most EEOC laws if they have 15 or more employees.

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Federal agencies must follow all EEOC laws, no matter how many employees they have.

Laws that the EEOC Enforces

Xổ số miền bắc 2Federal employment discrimination laws include:

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2 (ADA) – prohibiting discrimination against workers with disabilities and mandating reasonable accommodations

  • (ADEA)

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2 (Title VII) – prohibiting discrimination based on:

    • Race

    • Color

    • Religion

    • Xổ số miền bắc 2National origin

    • Xổ số miền bắc 2Sex (including sexual orientation and gender identity). Learn more about for LGBTQ workers. These protections apply regardless of any contrary state or local laws.

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2 (EPA) – requiring equal pay for equal work by men and women

Harassment

Xổ số miền bắc 2 is unwelcome conduct based on:

  • Race

  • Color

  • Religion

  • Sex

  • National origin

  • Age

  • Pregnancy

  • Disability

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Genetic information

Xổ số miền bắc 2It can include:

  • Offensive jokes

  • Physical assaults or threats

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Ridicule or insults

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Display of offensive objects or pictures

Xổ số miền bắc 2 may include:

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Unwelcome sexual advances

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Requests for sexual favors

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature

  • Offensive remarks about a person's sex

Xổ số miền bắc 2Harassment becomes illegal when:

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2It creates a hostile or abusive work environment

  • The victim gets fired or demoted for refusing to put up with it

Protection from Retaliation

Xổ số miền bắc 2EEOC laws protect employees and job applicants from . For example, it’s unlawful to punish people for:

  • Filing or being a witness in an EEO charge or investigation

  • Xổ số miền bắc 2Talking to a supervisor or manager about discrimination or harassment

  • Refusing to follow orders that would result in discrimination

  • Resisting sexual advances, or intervening to protect others

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Last Updated: June 3, 2020

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